Anyone offering financial products for issue or sale needs to comply with financial markets legislation. The Financial Markets Conduct Act 2013 (FMC Act) defines these people as issuers.
Issuers – Issuers are people who are involved in first making a financial product available (see section 11 of the FMC Act); they include:
- the person (other than the guarantor) liable to pay under a debt security
- the company to which an equity security relates
- the manager of a managed investment scheme
- any party that has entered into derivatives.
Offerors – People who are the issuer for an offer of financial products for issue or in any other case the person who has the capacity, or agrees to, transfer the financial products. See section 6 of the FMC Act for more information.
The FMC Act defines 4 types of financial products
A product where there is a right to be repaid money or paid interest on money.
A share in a company, industrial and provident society or building society.
Managed investment product
An interest in a managed investment scheme that allows investors to participate in, or receive, financial benefits produced principally by the efforts of another person under the scheme.
There are two types of managed investment schemes:
(a) Managed Fund;
(b) Other managed investment schemes
A product where an agreement is reached under which consideration may be required at a future time, and the value of the agreement or consideration is linked to something else, for example an asset, a rate, an index or a commodity. This covers a wide range of products including:
- futures contracts and forwards options (except options to acquire an equity security, a debt security, or a managed investment product by way of issue)
- contracts for difference, margin contracts and rolling spot contracts
- caps, collars, floors and spreads.